The District Magistrate-cum-Deputy Commissioner (Collector) is the head of the district. He is assisted in this work by other officers and staff as are appointed from time to time. Maintenance of law and order, revenue administration, economic development of the region are the basic duties of the District administration. The district is divided into 2 major units (Subdivisions). Each unit is in the charge of a Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO) who is concurrently a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. The district has smaller administrative circles under the charge of Sub-Deputy collectors. The District has five such circles. Two Community Development Blocks function in the district having their headquarters respectively at Kakching and Langmeidong. Other district heads such as Superintendent of Police, District Officer (Horticulture & Soil Conservation), Chief Medical Officer, Zonal Education Officer, etc. also have their Offices located at District Headquarter Kakching.
The district is one of the six valley districts of Manipur and is situated in the Central region of the State. Consequent to the enactment of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 the Manipur Panchayat Raj Act, 1994 was enacted which became effective from 24th April 1994. This act was subsequently amended in 1996. The act extends to the Kakching district as well. Under the act, a two-tier Panchayat system has been established namely, Gram Panchayat and Zilla Parishad. Poverty alleviation and rural development programmes come under Panchayat.